Facts About Prostate Cancer Part II

Facts About Prostate Cancer Part II

We previously laid down the particulars about the symptoms and risk factors for Prostate Cancer in Part 1 here.

Prostate cancer can spread to nearby organs, such as your bladder, or travel through your bloodstream or lymphatic system to your bones or other organs. Once it has spread to other areas of the body, it may still respond to treatment and may be controlled.

Read on for treatment options and complications.


Complications of prostate cancer and its treatments include:

Both prostate cancer and its treatment can cause urinary incontinence. Treatment for incontinence depends on the type you have, how severe it is and the likelihood it will improve over time. Treatment options may include medications, catheters and surgery.

**Erectile dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction can result from prostate cancer or its treatment, including surgery, radiation or hormone treatments. Medications, vacuum devices that assist in achieving erection and surgery are available to treat erectile dysfunction.

Reduce your risk of getting Prostate Cancer by paying attention to the following:

Eat a diet that consists of plenty fruit, veggies and whole grains. Avoid foods high in fat. Whether you can prevent prostate cancer through diet has yet to be conclusively proved. But eating a healthy diet with a variety of fruits and vegetables can improve your overall health.

Exercise at least a few hours a week. There is evidence to suggest that men who exercise regularly have a lower risk of Prostate Cancer.  If you’re new to exercise, start slow and work your way up to more exercise time each day.

Maintain a healthy weight by consuming healthy food and by exercising. Speak to your doctor about creating a plan.

A few studies imply that taking 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, finasteride (Propecia, Proscar) and dutasteride (Avodart), may decrease the risk of developing prostate cancer. These medications are used to control prostate gland enlargement and hair loss in men.

Some evidence, however, points out that men taking these medications may have an increased risk of getting a more serious form of prostate.


Management is diverse for early and advanced prostate cancers, and recommendations depend on individual cases.

Early stage cancer
If the cancer is small and localized, it is usually managed by one of the following treatments:

PSA blood levels are regularly checked, but there is no immediate action. The risk of side-effects sometimes outweighs the need for immediate treatment for this slow-developing cancer.

Radical prostatectomy
The prostate is surgically removed. Traditional surgery requires a hospital stay of up to 10 days, with a recovery time of up to 3 months. Robotic keyhole surgery involves a shorter hospitalization and recovery period, but it can be more expensive.

Radioactive seeds are implanted into the prostate to deliver targeted radiation treatment.

Conformal radiation therapy
Radiation beams are shaped so that the region where they overlap is as close to the same shape as the organ or region that requires treatment. This minimizes healthy tissue exposure to radiation.

Intensity modulated radiation therapy
Beams with variable intensity are used. This is an advanced form of conformal radiation therapy. In the early stages, patients may receive radiation therapy combined with hormone therapy for a few months.

Advanced prostate cancer
Advanced cancer is more aggressive and will have spread further throughout the body.
Chemotherapy may be recommended.

Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is a hormone treatment that reduces the effect of androgens (male hormones). ADT can slow down and even stop cancer growth by reducing androgen levels. The patient will likely need long-term hormone therapy.

Life Expectancy

If the disease is found before it spreads to other organs, the 5 year survival rate is 99%. After fifteen years, this decreases to 96%. Once the cancer spreads, the  5 year survival rate is 29%.

Regular screening can help detect prostate cancer while it is still treatable.If you’re concerned about your risk of developing prostate cancer, talk with your doctor.

**We can assist with ordering your Vacurect.

Research has revealed that a Vacuum Erection Device can conserve and progress erectile function for cancer patients pre- and post-radical prostatectomy. The Vacurect can also be used for penile rehabilitation by diabetics or other erection problems due to high blood pressure, cholesterol etc.

Vacuum therapy enjoys increasing popularity and is considered by many medical specialists as the first line of treatment for erection problems.


Resource: Medical News Today


Facts About Prostate Cancer – Part I

Facts About Prostate Cancer – Part I

Prostate Cancer is a number one risk for, and also the most common cancer in, men. It’s also the 2nd biggest cancer killer, just a step behind lung cancer.

This male cancer occurs in the prostate gland, which is part of the male reproductive system. This gland is shaped like a walnut, and produces the seminal fluid that transports and nourishes sperm.

Prostate cancer grows slowly and is initially confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause severe damage. While some types of prostate cancer grow unhurriedly and may need minimal or no treatment, other types can be aggressive and can spread rapidly.

Early detection, when still confined to the prostate gland, has an improved chance of successful treatment.

There are usually no symptoms during the early stages of prostate cancer. However, if symptoms do appear, they usually involve one or more of the following:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Decreased force in the stream of urine
  • Blood in semen
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Bone pain
  • Erectile dysfunction

If the cancer spreads to the spine and compresses the spinal cord, there may be:

  • Leg weakness
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Faecal incontinence

It’s not clear what causes prostate cancer. This cancer begins when some cells in your prostate become abnormal. Mutations in the abnormal cells’ DNA cause the cells to cultivate and divide more rapidly than normal cells do. The irregular cells continue living, when other cells would die. The accruing abnormal cells form a tumour that can grow to invade nearby tissue. Some abnormal cells can also break off and spread to other parts of the body.

Risk factors
Factors that can amplify your risk include:

Your risk increases as you age

Black men generally carry a greater risk of prostate cancer than do men of other races. In black men, prostate cancer is also more likely to be aggressive or advanced.

Family history
If other men in your family have had prostate cancer, your risk may be increased. If you have a family history of genes that increase the risk of breast cancer (BRCA1 or BRCA2) or a very strong family history of breast cancer, your risk of prostate cancer may be higher.

Obese men diagnosed with prostate cancer may be more likely to have advanced disease that’s more difficult to treat.

When to see a doctor

Schedule an appointment with your doctor if you have any signs or symptoms that worry you. Discuss prostate screening with your doctor – together you can decide what’s best for you.

 Look out for installment 2 of this blog, where we discuss complications and treatment options for prostate cancer.


Resources: Mayo Clinic

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